Behandlung von Wechseljahresbeschwerden mit Phytotherapie

Prof. Dr. med. André- Michael Beer

Teil 2: Grenzbereiche der Phytotherapie: Homöopathika – Anthroposophika – Nahrungsergänzungsmittel- Rezepturarzneimittel 

  1. Beer AM (2015). Phytopharmaka bei Wechseljahrsbescherden. Gyne 03: 19-21 
  2. Beer AM; Lukanov J; Sagorchev P (2000). Die Wirkung von Caulophyllum D4 auf die spontane kontraktile Aktivität der glatten Muskulatur. Geburtsh Frauenheilk, 60:456-458 
  3. Beer A-M; Sturm R; Küpper F (1995). Der Einsatz eines homöopathischen Komplexmittels beim klimakterischen Syndrom im Vergleich zur Hormonsubstitution. Erfahrungsheilkunde 5: 336-340 
  4. Zerm Chr. Anthroposophische Medizin. In:  Beer A-M,  Adler M. Leitfaden Naturheilverfahren. für die ärztliche Praxis. Elsevier, Urban & Fischer, München 2012, 335-342
  5. Gaedcke F; Beer AM (2010). Pflanzliche Arzneimittel versus pflanzliche Nahrungsergänzungsmittel. Der Unterschied liegt in der Qualität? MMW-Fortschr Med, 152(16):36-38
  6. Hermann J. Roth (2013).  Phyto- und Umwelthormone. DAZ 12: 103
  7. Wright J, Lenard L: Bioidentische Hormone: Alles, was Sie wissen müssen. VAK Verlags GmbH, Kirchzarten bei Freiburg, 2011

Fakten und Debatten zur Entbindung per Kaiserschnitt im transnationalen und transkulturellen Kontext zwischen Deutschland und der Türkei

Theda Borde, Silke Brenne, Jürgen Breckenkamp, Oliver Razum, Matthias David  

 

  1. BETRÁN AP, MERIALDI M,  LAUER JA, BING-SHUN W, THOMAS J, VAN LOOK P, WAGNER M. Rates of caesarean section: analysis of global, regional and national estimates. Paed Perinatal Epidemiol 2007; 21, 98-11
  2. RÍO I, CASTELLÓ A, BARONA C, JANÉ M, MÁS R, REBAGLIATO M, BOSCH S, MARTÍNEZ E, BOLÚMAR F. Caesarean section rates in immigrant and native women in Spain: the importance of geographical origin and type of hospital for delivery. European Journal of Public Health, 2010; 20: 524–529
  3. KOLLECK B, KORPORAL J, ZINK A (1979) Totgeburtlichkeit und Säuglingssterblichkeit ausländischer Kinder in West-Berlin. Gynäkologe 12:181-190
  4. WELSCH H, KRONE HA, WISSER J. Maternal mortality in Bavaria between 1983 and 2000. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2004; 191: 304-308
  5. DAVID M, PACHALY J, VETTER K. Perinatal outcome in Berlin (Germany) among immigrants. Arch Gynecol Obstet 2006; 274: 271-278 
  6. GISSLER M, ALEXANDER S, MACFARLANE A, SMALL R, STRAY-PEDERSEN B, ZEITLIN J, ZIMBECK M, GAGNON A. Stillbirths and infant deaths among migrants in industrialized countries. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2009, 88: 134-148
  7. BOLLINI P, PAMPALLONA S, WANNER P, KUPELNICK B. Pregnancy outcome of migrant women and integration policy: a systematic review of the international literature. Soc Sci Med. 2009; 68: 452-461
  8. RAZUM, O., H. ZEEB, U. MEESMANN, L. SCHENK, M. BREDEHORST, P. BRZOSKA, T. DERCKS, S. GLODNY, B. MENKHAUS, R. SALMAN, A. C. SASS AND R. E. ULRICH (2008). Migration und Gesundheit. Schwerpunktbericht der Gesundheitsberichterstattung des Bundes. Berlin, Robert Koch-Institut.
  9. STATISTISCHES BUNDESAMT (2015) Statistisches Bundesamt, Fachserie 1, Reihe 2.2, 2012. Erschienen am 29. November 2013, Komplette Neuerstellung der Fachserie am 04.03.2015. www.destatis.de/DE/Publikationen/Thematisch/Bevoelkerung/MigrationIntegration/Migrationshintergrund2010220127004.pdf?__blob=publicationFile
  10. STATISTISCHES BUNDESAMT 2014. Pressemitteilung vom 26. September 2014 – 341/14. www.destatis.de/DE/PresseService/Presse/Pressemitteilungen/2014/09/PD14_341_231pdf.pdf T.C. SAGLIK BAKANLIGI (2014a). Saglik Istatistikleri Yilligi, Ankara 2014
  11. www.saglik.gov.tr/TR/dosya/1-97020/h/saglik-istatistik-yilligi-2013.pdf
  12. MYLONAS I, FRIESE K. Indikationen, Vorzüge und Risiken einer elektiven Kaiserschnittoperation. Deutsches Ärzteblatt, Jg 112, Heft 29-30, 20. Juli 2015
  13. LAVENDER T, HOFMEYR GJ, NEILSON JP, KINGDOM C, GYTE GML. Caesarean section for non-medical reasons at term. Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group. Published Online: 14 Mar 2012. DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD004660.pub3
  14. KOLIP P, NOLTING HD, ZICH K. Kaiserschnittgeburten – Entwicklung und regionale Verteilung. Faktencheck Gesundheit. Bertelsmann-Stiftung, Gütersloh 2012
  15. SOUZA JP, GULMEZOGLU A, LUMBIGANON P et al. Caesarean section without medical indications is associated with an increased risk of adverse short-term maternal outcomes: The 2004-2008 WHO Global Survey on Maternal and Perinatal Health. BMC Med 2010, 8: 71
  16. YE J, ZHANG J, MIKOLAJCZYK R, TORLONI MR, GÜLMEZOGLU AM, BETRAN AP. Association between rates of caesarean section and maternal and neonatal mortality in the 21st century: a worldwide population-based ecological study with longitudinal data. BJOG. 2015 Aug 24. 
  17. BONGARD S, POGGE SF, ARSLANER H, ROHRMANN S, HODAPP V. Acculturation and cardiovascular reactivity of second-generation Turkish migrants in Germany. J Psychosom Res 2002; 53: 795– 803
  18. SCHENK L, BAU AM, BORDE T, BUTLER J, LAMPERT T, NEUHAUSER H, RAZUM O, WEILANDT C. Mindestindikatorensatz zur Erfassung des Migrationsstatus. Empfehlungen für die epidemiologische Praxis. Bundesgesundheitsbl Gesundheitsforsch Gesundheitsschutz 2006; 9: 853-860
  19. BRENNE S, BRECKENKAMP J, RAZUM O, DAVID M, BORDE T. Kadin Göcmenlere Nasil Ulasabilir? Arastirma Sprecleri ve Berlin Dogum Öncesi (Gebeklik) Dönemi Arastirmasinin Ilk Sunuclari. Esen E, Borde T (Ed.) Türkiye ve Almanya - Cilt II.Toplum, Saglik ve Egitime. Arastirma, Ögretim ve Isbirligi. Ankara: Siyasal Kitabevi, 2013: 166-181
  20. BRENNE S, DAVID M, BORDE T, BRECKENKAMP J, RAZUM O. Werden Frauen mit und ohne Migrationshintergrund von den Gesundheitsdiensten gleich gut erreicht? Das Beispiel Schwangerenvorsorge in Berlin. Bundesgesundheitsblatt - Gesundheitsforschung - Gesundheitsschutz 04/2015
  21. DAVID  M, BORDE T, BRENNE S, RAMSAUER B,  HENRICH W, BRECKENKAMP J, RAZUM O. Comparison of Perinatal Data of Immigrant Women of Turkish Origin and German Women - Results of a Prospective Study in Berlin.  Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd. 2014;74(5): 441-448
  22. DAVID M, BORDE T, BRENNE S, HENRICH W, BRECKENKAMP J, RAZUM O (2015) Caesarean Section Frequency among Immigrants, Second- and Third-Generation Women, and Non-Immigrants: Prospective Study in Berlin/Germany. PLoS ONE 10(5): e0127489 
  23. OECD. Health at a Glance 2013. www.oecd.org/els/health-systems/Health-at-a-Glance-2013.pdf
  24. OECD Health Data 2013. https://data.oecd.org/healthcare/caesarean-sections.htm
  25. BETRÁN AP, YE J, MOLLER AB, ZHANG J, GÜLMEZOGLU AM, TORLINI M. The Increasing Trend in Caesarean Section Rates: Global, Regional and National Estimates: 1990-2014. PLoS One. 2016; 11(2): e0148343.
  26. WHO 2015. www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2015/caesarean-sections/en/
  27. SCHILD RL. Steigende Sectioraten – Risiko oder Segen? Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde 2015;75
  28. LATIN AMERICA & CARIBBEAN. 7 July 2015. Brazil introduces new caesarean birth rules. www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-33421376
  29. MAZZONI A, ALTHABE F, LIU NH, BONOTTI AM, GIBBONS L, SÁNCHEZ AJ, BELIZÁN JM. Women’s preference for caesarean section: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Volume 118, Issue 4, 7 2010a
  30. AKF 2015. Für die Wiedergeburt der normalen Geburt. Dokumentation des Fachtages 2014
  31. AKF 2012. Kaiserschnitt-Kampagne www.akf-kaiserschnitt-kampagne.de/cms/kaiserschnitt-kampagne/
  32. OTTO P, WAGNER T (2013) Handlungsbedarf Kaiserschnitt. Ursachen der steigenden Kaiserschnittrate in Deutschland - Maßnahmen zur Senkung der Kaiserschnittrate. Ergebnisse der Online-Umfrage und ExpertInnenInterviews 2012/2013. www.akf-info.de/fileadmin/aktuelles/KaiserschnittBroschuereEndfassung.pdf
  33. ÇA?ATAY SEÇKINER P, TEZCAN S. Turkey’s rising trend in caesarean section: who are these women? (2010) epc2010.princeton.edu/papers/100551
  34. SÜDDEUTSCHE ZEITUNG, 17. Mai 2010. Erdogan und die türkischen Frauen. "Weltgebärtag" in der Türkei
  35. GÜMÜSAY, K. (2012) Dein Bauch gehört mir. Die Zeit, 24/20126 www.zeit.de/2012/24/Tuerkei
  36. SALT J. Turkey's Counterrevolution: Notes from the Dark Side. Middle East Policy. Volume 22, Issue 1,  2015: 123–141
  37. GÜSTEN S. Bevölkerungswachstum in der Türkei. Erdogan will Abtreibungen erschweren. Tagesspiegel 30.5.2012 www.tagesspiegel.de/politik/bevoelkerungswachstum-in-der-tuerkei-erdogan-will-abtreibungen-erschweren/6689978.html
  38. LETSCH C. Turkish Doctors Face Fines for Elective Caesareans. Guardian, July 13, 2012. 
  39. DEUTSCH TÜRKISCHE NACHRICHTEN 4.7.2012. Türkei: Kaiserschnitt nur noch mit medizinischer Indikation. www.deutsch-tuerkische-nachrichten.de/2012/07/456222/tuerkei-kaiserschnitt-nur-noch-mit-medizinischer-indikation/
  40. MALUDA AT. “We Ask the Prime Minister: Where is the Justice in that?” An Analysis of the Justice and Development Party and the Impact of Social Conservatism on Women in Contemporary Turkey. April 2013. deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/handle/2027.42/98940/amaluda.pdf
  41. www.hurriyetdailynews.com/turkish-court-gives-green-light-to-law-to-regulate-c-sections.aspx
  42. T.C. SAGLIK BAKANLIGI (2014b) Türkiye Kamu Hataneleri Kurumu. Genel Saglik Istatistikleri 2014 (Tab. 31) rapor.saglik.gov.tr/istatistik/rapor/index.php
  43. YILMAZ SD, BAL MD, BEJI NK, ULUDAG S. Women's Preferences of Method of Delivery and Influencing Factors. Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2013 Aug;15(8):683-9
  44. AKARSU RH, MUCUK S. Turkish women's opinions about cesarean delivery. Pak J Med Sci. 2014 Nov-Dec: 30(6):1308-13
  45. DURSUN P, YANIK FB, ZEYNELOGLU HB, BASER E, KUSCU E, AYHAN A. Why women request cesarean section without medical indication? J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2011 Sep; 24(9):1133-7
  46. ATAN SÜ, DURAN ET, KAVLAK O, DONMEZ S, SEVIL U. Spontaneous vaginal delivery or caesarean section? What do Turkish women think? Int J Nurs Pract. 2013,19 (1):1-7
  47. ARIKAN DC, OZER A, ARIKAN I, COSKUN A, KIRAN H. Turkish obstetricians' personal preference for mode of delivery and attitude toward cesarean delivery on maternal request. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2011 Sep; 284(3):543-9
  48. OZDEMIRCI S, KASAPOGLU T, BASER E, DEMIRDAG E, KANDEMIR O, YALVAC S, TAPISIZ OL. Reassessment of caesarean section rates between 2011 and 2014 with ROBSON classification system. https://fetalmedicine.org/abstracts/2015/var/pdf/abstracts/1113.pdf
  49. KAPLANOGLU M, BULBUL M, KAPLANOGLU D, BAKACAK SM. Effect of multiple repeat cesarean sections on maternal morbidity: data from southeast Turkey. Med Sci Monit. 21,2015:1447-53
  50. SENTÜRK MB, CAKMAK Y, ATAC H, BUDAK MS. Factors associated with successful vaginal birth after cesarean section and outcomes in rural area of Anatolia. Int J Womens Health. 2015; 7: 693–697
  51. TEIXEIRA C, CORREIA S, VICTORA CG, BARROS H. The Brazilian preference: cesarean delivery among immigrants in Portugal. PLoS One. 2013;8(3):e60168
  52. VANGEN S, STOLTENBERG C, SKRONDAL A, MAGNUS P, STRAY-PEDERSEN B. Caesarean section among immigrants in Norway. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2000; 79: 553-558
  53. OBERAIGNER W, LEITNER H, OBERAIGNER K, MARTH C, PINZGER G, CONCIN H, STEINER H, HOFMANN H, WAGNER T, MÖRTL M, RAMONI A. Migrants and obstetrics in Austria - applying a new questionnaire shows differences in obstetric care and outcome. Wien Klin Wochenschr 2013; 125: 34-40
  54. MERRY L, SMALL R, BLONDEL B, GAGNON AJ. International migration and caesarean birth: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2013 Jan 30;13:27
  55. KILIÇ M. The Delivery Methods and the Factors Affecting Among Giving Birth in Hospitals in Turkey International Journal of Caring Sciences, 5(2) 2012: 157-161  
  56. HÜRRIYET, 04.10.2013. JACQUEMYN Y1, BENJAHIA N, MARTENS G, YÜKSEL H, VAN EGMOND K, TEMMERMAN M. Pregnancy outcome of Moroccan and Turkish women in Belgium. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol. 2012;39(2):181-5
  57. RIZZO N, CIARDELLI V, GANDOLFI COLLEONI G, BONAVITA B, PARISIO C, FARINA A, BOVICELLI L. Delivery and immigration: the experience of an Italian hospital. Europ J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2004; 116: 170-172

 

 

Weitere Literaturstellen:

 

  • HÜRRIYET DAILY NEWS, 21.07.2012, ‘Rise in C-sections coincides with more private hospitals’http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/rise-in-c-sections-coincides-with-more-private-hospitals.aspx?pageID=238&nID=25989&NewsCatID=338
  • MARGIOULA-SIARKOU C, PETOUSIS S, KALOGIANNIDIS I, DAGKLIS T, TRAIANOS V, GOUTZIOULIS M, PRAPAS N, AGORASTOS T. Immigrants present improved obstetric and neonatal outcomes compared to native women. A northern Greek population analysis. J Immigr Minor Health 2013; 15: 249-254
  • MARTÍNEZ-GARCÍA E, OLVERA-PORCEL MC, DE DIOS LUNA-DEL CASTILLO J, JIMÉNEZ-MEJÍAS E, AMEZCUA-PRIETO C, BUENO-CAVANILLAS A. Inadequate prenatal care and maternal country of birth: a retrospective study of southeast Spain. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2012; 165: 199-204
  • OECD. Health at a glance. 2011. www.oecd-ilibrary.org/sites/health_glance-2011-en/04/09/index.html
  • STATISTA 2015. de.statista.com/statistik/daten/studie/297616/umfrage/anteil-von-kaiserschnittgeburten-an-allen-geburten-in-deutschland/ (Zugriff, 01.09.2015)
  • ZIZZA A, TINELLI A, MALVASI A, BARBONE E, STARK M, DE DONNO A, GUIDO M. Caesarean Section in the World: a new ecological approach. J Prev Med Hyg 2011; 52: 161-173

 

 

Die Nabelschnur – perinatologische Bedeutung nicht erst bei Abnabelung

Alexander Strauss

 

  1. Ebbing C, Kiserud T, Johnsen SL, Albrechtsen S, Rasmussen S. Third stage of labor risks in velamentous and marginal cord insertion: a population-based study. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2015; 94(8): 878-883
  2. Benirschke K, Kaufmann P, Baergen R. Anatomy and Pathology of the Umbilical Cord. Pathology of the Human Placenta. 5 ed. New York: Springer, 2006: 380-451
  3. Raio L, Ghezzi F, Di Naro E, Franchi M, Maymon E, Mueller MD, et al. Prenatal diagnosis of a lean umbilical cord: a simple marker for the fetus at risk of being small for gestational age at birth. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 1999; 13(3): 176-180
  4. Labarrere C, Sebastiani M, Siminovich M, Torassa E, Althabe O. Absence of Wharton's jelly around the umbilical arteries: an unusual cause of perinatal mortality. Placenta 1985; 6(6): 555-559
  5. Predanic M, Perni SC, Chervenak FA. Antenatal umbilical coiling index and Doppler flow characteristics. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2006; 28(5): 699-703
  6. Strong TH, Jarles DL, Vega JS, Feldman DB. The umbilical coiling index. Am J Obstet Gynecol1994; 170(1): 29-32
  7. Strauss A. unter Mitarbeit von Müller-Egloff S, Müller T. Ultraschallpraxis in der Geburtshilfe und Gynäkologie. Springer Verlag Heidelberg. 2016
  8. Schaffer L, Burkhardt T, Zimmermann R, Kurmanavicius J. Nuchal cords in term and postterm deliveries--do we need to know? Obstet Gynecol 2005; 106(1): 23-28
  9. Peregrine E, O'Brien P, Jauniaux E. Ultrasound detection of nuchal cord prior to labor induction and the risk of Cesarean section. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2005; 25(2): 160-164
  10. Ogueh O, Al-Tarkait A, Vallerand D, Rouah F, Morin L, Benjamin A, et al. Obstetrical factors related to nuchal cord. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2006; 85(7): 810-814
  11. Lal N, Deka D, Mittal S. Does the nuchal cord persist? An ultrasound and color-Doppler-based prospective study. J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2008; 34(3): 314-317
  12. Clapp JF, 3rd, Stepanchak W, Hashimoto K, Ehrenberg H, Lopez B. The natural history of antenatal nuchal cords. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2003; 189(2): 488-493
  13. Ertan AK, Schmidt W. Nabelschnurumschlingung und farbkodierte Doppler-Sonographie. Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd 1994; 54(4): 196-203
  14. Roemer VM, Bogdan C, Brun del Re R, de Grandi P, Harms K, Ramizin M, et al. Evaluation of fetal risk resulting from cord-entanglements during parturition. Arch Gynaecol 1974; 216(2): 99-118
  15. Bolten K. Nabelschnurumschlingungen um den Hals des Feten: Risiko, Diagnostik, Informationsbedarf. Dissertation an der Medizinischen Fakultät der Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin; 2012
  16. Duffy S, Cochrane R. A difficult delivery associated with a nuchal cord found nine times around the fetal neck. J Obstet Gynaecol 2007; 27(8): 859-680
  17. Ball RH, Parer JT. The physiologic mechanisms of variable decelerations. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1992; 166(6): 1683-1688; discussion 88-89
  18. Tucker Blackburn S. Maternal, Fetal & Neonatal Physiology - A Clinical Perspective. 3 ed. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Saunders Elsevier, 2007
  19. Hankins GD, Snyder RR, Hauth JC, Gilstrap LC, 3rd, Hammond T. Nuchal cords and neonatal outcome. Obstet Gynecol 1987; 70(5): 687-691
  20. Richardson BS, Carmichael L, Homan J, Johnston L, Gagnon R. Fetal cerebral, circulatory, and metabolic responses during heart rate decelerations with umbilical cord compression. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1996; 175(4): 929-936
  21. Itskovitz J, LaGamma EF, Rudolph AM. Effects of cord compression on fetal blood flow distribution and O2 delivery. Am J Physiol 1987; 252(1): H100-109
  22. Gembruch U, Baschat AA. True knot of the umbilical cord: transient constrictive effect to umbilical venous blood flow demonstrated by Doppler sonography. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 1996; 8(1): 53-56
  23. Baergen RN. Cord abnormalities, structural lesions, and cord "accidents". Semin Diagn Pathol 2007; 24(1): 23-32
  24. Tantbirojn P, Saleemuddin A, Sirois K, Crum CP, Boyd TK, Tworoger S, et al. Gross abnormalities of the umbilical cord: related placental histology and clinical significance. Placenta 2009; 30(12): 1083-1088
  25. Neisser G. Die Nabelschnurumschlingung in der klinischen Routine. Dissertation an der Medizinischen Fakultät der Charité, Humboldt Universität, Berlin; 2002

 

 

Menopause vor 45 Jahre als Indikation zur Hormon-Substitution

Prof. Dr. med. J.M. Wenderlein 

 

  1. Muka T et al: Association of Age at Onset of Menopause and Time Since Onset of Menopause With Cardiovascular Outcomes, Intermediate Vascular Traits, and All-Cause MortalityA Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA Cardiol. Published online September 14, 2016. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2016.2415
  2. Wiggins BS et al. Recommendations for Management of Clincially Significant Drug-Drug Interactions with Statins and Select Agents Used in Patients With Cardiovascular Disease – A Scientific Statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation 2016; 134. Doi: 10.1161/CIR.0000000000000456
  3. Wise MR et al: Obesity and endometrial Cancer.Am J  Gynecol 2016;214:689-97
  4. Moßhammer D et al: Polypharmazie:-Tendenz steigend, Folgen schwer kalkulierbar  DÄ 2016 Jg 113 Heft 38 627-33
  5. Buchmann N et al: Schlaf, Muskelmasse und Muskelfunktion im Alter: Querschnittsanalyse auf Basis der Daten der Berliner Altersstudie II DÄ heft 15/ 2016
  6. Younger J et al: Association of leptin to pain  J Womens Health 2016;25:752-60
  7. ESC/EAS Guidelines  for the management of dyslipidaemias.European Heart Journal 2016
  8. ESC Guidelines on the Website;http//d.aerzteblatt.de/MA13
  9. Zylka-Menhorn V:Neue ESC/EAS-Leitlinie Dyslipidämie "Es bleibt-fast- alles beim Alten" DÄ2016Heft 37C1323-2
  10. Moore SC et al. Association of Leisure-Time Physical Activity With Risk of 26 Types of Cancer in 1.44 Million Adults. JAMA Intern Med 2016; online 16. Mai. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.1548
  11. Donin NM et al. Body Mass Index and Survival in a Prospective Randomized Trial of Localized High-Risk Renal Cell Carcinoma. CEBP 2016; 25 (9); 1326–1332. doi: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-16-0226
  12. Collins R et al. Interpretation of the evidence for the effi cacy and safety of statin therapy. Lancet. 2016 Sep 8. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31357-5
  13. Jones ME et al:  Menopausal hormone therapy and breast cancer:  what is the true size of the increased risk?  Br J Cancer. 2016 Aug 23;115(5):607-15. LoE II
  14. Alabas O A et al.: Long-term excess mortality associated with diabetes following acute myocardial infarction: a population-based cohort study; J Epidemiol Community Health 2016, online 15. Juni  Pressemitteilung der Universität Leeds: Diabetes raises risk of heart attack death 22. Juni 2016
  15. Besevic J et al: Reproduktive factors and epithelial ovarian cancer survival in the EPIC cohort study Br J Cancer 2015;113(11)1622-31
  16. Wong AS et al: Reappraisial of endometrial thickness for the detection of endometrial cancer in postmenopausal bleeding:a retrospective cohort study BJOG 2016;123:439-46
  17. Jasilionis D et Al: Longevity and education: a demogaphic perspective.Gerontology 62 (2016)3,253-62
  18. Yusuf S, Lonn E, Pais PN et al:  HOPE-3 Investigators. Blood   Pressure and Cholesterol   Lowering in Persons without  Cardiovascular Disease.  N Engl J Med 2016; 374:2032–43.
  19. Wenderlein JM: Gesamtmortalität reduzierbar mit hormoneller Prävention Frauenarzt 57 (2016)9:888-93
  20. Wenderlein J: Östrogene verbessern Lipid-Profil. gyne, 1: 35-40 (2015)